What are the 5 Main Components of DBMS

What are the Main Components of DBMS? Database Management System describing a technological tool assists to help the data management fully holding a set which is designed to determine, change and command data information in a database. Since defined in a database server, the data is classically organized to model relevant fact perspectives to maintain processes requiring this information. In this method of operating, the DBMS adds many components where everyone plays very vital tasks in the organizational environment of a database management system. DBMS function to give authority to define, structure, develop, query, update and control the databases. Few cases of DBMS can be Microsoft Access, SAP, Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, etc.

DBMS Components

Primarily, The Database management system (DBMS) functions to perform business applications working out the tasks of managing business processes, assisting with end-users as well as other programs which aid to analyze and take the data. So, the DBMS can be categorized into five main components which are described as follows:

What are the Main Components of DBMS

  1. Software
  2. Hardware
  3. Data
  4. Database Access Language
  5. Procedures

Now, let’s discuss in brief above points regarding all these components of DBMS:


The software component of DBMS is a set of control programs that are performed for testing and managing the whole database and its structure. This itself constitutes DBMS software, the network’s software, and the operating system that are being utilized to share the application programs and the data amongst users executed to admittance data records in the DBMS.

This is the major component of a program that manages the whole thing. This DBMS software can be indicated as a wrapper about the physical database that gives us an easy-to-use interface for storing, update and obtain the data. Hence, this software is effective in accepting the Database Access Language and then perform it into specific database commands for running them on the DBMS system.


When there attains hardware we frequently say about the computer, I/O ways for data, hard disks, and maybe any additional physical modules included before any data is superbly saved into the memory.
But on our particular computer, when we perform Oracle or even MySQL then, our computer’s Hard Disk, computer’s RAM, the Keyboard by means of which we type in all the programs and also ROM entire convert a part of the DBMS hardware. Hence, this hardware includes a group of physical electrical devices like I/O devices, computers, storage devices, and so on that builds the interface troubling computers and the actual world systems.


The DBMS control for collection, collecting, handling, and accessing of data, hence the data is the most vital component of DBMS. The database consists of both the real or operational data as well as the metadata.
Data is known to be a resource for which the DBMS was designed and organized where the goal was to utilize and store data. In a standard Database, the user-stored Data is available and the metadata is maintained. Here, metadata indicates the data about the data which is information saved by the DBMS for enhanced appreciation of the data warehouse in it.

Database Access Language:

This is a language type component of a Database Management System developed to write instructions for including, obtaining, updating, and removing the data saved in any database. A user will have to type commands in the database access language and then submit them to the DBMS to perform that is then translated and run by the DBMS to present the expected result in a user understandable form.

Here, the user may build a fresh database, its tables, and also helps to fetch current data, enter any new data rows, remove the data, and update the data that exists on the database server by means of this Data Access Language.


This procedure component of DBMS indicates the wide-ranging documented guidance and controls to apply a database management system. This consists of methods to set up and deploy a DBMS, to log in log out of the software DBMS, keep backups, handle database, and generate reports, using DBMS, in creation and execution, to guide users for operating the databases.


DBMS software works by breaking into some major components which operate at their level to perform the completion of many organizational and administrative tasks.

These components are contained in a common system to regulate a group of information, supervision, and implementation of data that combines software, hardware, the data, frames, and even the processes of controlling database.

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