What is Relational Database Management System RDBMS?

A relational Database Management System (RDBMS) stated is a type of database that saves data in a fully-organized composite system, including rows and columns, which presents it smooth for the processing of data such as obtaining, observing, updating, deleting, and handling the contents of the tables, as all the data in each and every table will be maintaining a relationship with the contents of other tables in the system and all the tables in the database system will be connected to the tables with comparable properties.

How does RDBMS work?

Relational Database Management System reserves data in the form of tables. It carries N number of tables and every table has a different primary key. The table consists of rows and columns. The row is associated as a Record or horizontal object. The record holds information about the individual record. The column is associated with a field or vertical object. The field contains information about a special field. When the user discharges a query it shows results for particular queries. Before building any table or data in the database, it checks constraints

Below is the list of constraints

  • Primary Key: It is used to classify each row of the table. The primary key needs to be unique. It must not hold null values. One table can just hold one primary key. It links two or more tables.
  • Foreign Key: It is listed in one table that assigns to a primary key that is placed in another table. In other words, it makes a connection between two tables that contain the primary key. Tables can link with each other using these two keys.
  • Data Integrity: It validates the integrity of data before building data.
  • Domain Integrity: It assures the entry of data in a table based on particular condition like file format, the range of values, etc
  • Unique: It is used to assure that each column holds unique data.
  • Check: It is used to assure that every record in a column or row performs a specified condition
  • Entity Integrity: It is used to guarantee that there is no duplicate row in the table.

Advantages of Relation Database Management System

  1. Flexibility
    This feature of RDBMS preserves a lot of time as refreshing data in one place is enough. For instance, assume you have data from learners, and you have to update one learner detail. In that case, you only have to update that detail in the main table rather than renewing in every file, it automatically renews that information in every file of the database
  2. Data Structure
    As Relation Database Management System reserves data in a table format, it is easily read by the users. Data are designed in a structured method and match records by firing queries.
  3. Privileges
    This characteristic of RDBMS enables database controllers to control movements over the database. Managers can give specific access to a user rather than giving all Access. Administrators can also stop user access.


The RDBMS is the most generally used database management system that is used across the world. As this general and used in many areas, learning this technology will help you to get a great job position in the company and help you to play with others and compete in the market at the top.

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