What is CSS?

Introduction to CSS

What is CSS? Cascading Style Sheets is known as CSS, manage webpage look and feel. Using CSS you can restrain the text color, font style, the distance between sections, the sizing and arranging of columns, the use of background images or colors, layout schemes, the display turns for different devices and screen sizes, and a range of other effects. CSS is simple to learn and to know, but it controls the obedience of an HTML document powerfully. CSS is usually linked with the HTML or XHTML markup languages.

What is CSS?

Let’s understand what CSS is and what really it helps in. You need to have seen web pages on the internet. For instance, when you open Facebook, you get an interactive screen where you can see the images, play the video, write comments, and do several activities. Well my friend, it is what we call a web page. So, to make a web page we require HTML that is a markup language used to design the structure of the web page.

The restriction with HTML is, we can only provide state and size to the web page but cannot obtain it to look attractive, and here is the place where it attains in. It stands for Cascading Style Sheet that permits us to utilize various attributes in order to make the web page look fine, beautiful, or professional. Modifying the structure of the tables or divisions, coloring the text, setting margin and padding, renting text font are a few things that we can do with the help of this.

This may be defined as the style sheet language that is used to restrain the look or structure of the web page. In very pure terms, this is the language that is used to improve the web page. The web page usually consists of the structure, design, and client site functionality. The structure is provided by HTML, the client site functionality is provided by a scripting language called JavaScript, and the design is provided by CSS.

The current version of CSS is CSS 4 which was released back on 24 March 2017. The latest version is faster than the last version which was CSS 3. It could not be used alone and must be combined with HTML to implement its effect. Based on the way of integration of it with HTML, it had three types: Inline, Internal, and External. In Inline the codes have to be written in the same line of HTML element, in internal, the codes have to be defined between style tag inside the head tag and an external, the file has to be connected with the HTML page.

How does CSS make working so easy?

The cascading style sheet performs the web page interaction a bit easier. It allows us to create the web page in a way that offers a good user experience and allows the user to navigate things easily. It portraits the web page in something suitable which could not be done with merely HTML. In addition to its benefit, it makes the page a bit bigger but on the other hand, it could also be used accordingly to manage the web page size.

On one hand, where it offers ease of work to the users, on another hand it also provides ease of implementation to the web designers. Based on how many CSS codes you need to add, you can choose among the inline, internal, and external CSS styles. With every mode of styling, it offers a very easy mechanism to introduce style on the web page.

What can you do with CSS?

In this section, we will specifically see what we can do using CSS. Till here we understood that the CSS is particularly used for decorating the web page. Now it’s time to check how it could be helpful to us. Below are a few points that show the capabilities of CSS.

  1. Modifying web page structure
    We can change the shape of the table and divs that gives the structure to the web page. It offers the attributes that could be used to curve the vertices of the rectangle and do a lot of such things.
  2. Working with font
    It allows us to change the font and the color of the text. We can choose either of the colors by merely writing its name in the corresponding attribute. In simple words, it can decorate the texts as well.
  3. Improves user experience
    By using the cascading style sheet developer can enhance the quality of a web page that will eventually end up with the amazing user experience. It also makes navigation easy for users.
  4. Create good effects
    By using CSS once can implement the effects like shadow effect which makes things look very attractive. The shadow generation could take part in the structure and the other elements like text as well.

Working with CSS

Here comes the most useful and crucial section which will give us an idea about how actually we can work with CSS or implement it or integrate the web page with it. Here we will see how to work with different types of styling. So let’s get started.

Inline CSS

In inline CSS we put the CSS codes in one line along with the HTML tag. Usually, we use the inline CSS when we have to use that format only once or if the formatting needs just a few attributes to be added. Though it is not used very frequently in actual web development are supposed to learn everything.

  <body>   <!---inline CSS-->
    <p style="color:green">This will be Green text</p> 

Internal CSS

The cascading style sheet is said to be internal when the features have been assigned to any tag so that wherever the tag is defined, it will by default inherit all the features that are assigned to that tag. To introduce internally, the CSS code has to be written between style tag in the head section.

  <body>   <!---Internal  CSS-->
    <p>This will be Green text</p> 

External CSS

It is called external because in this type a CSS file has to be created which is then linked with the web page to introduce the feature of the defined tags. It makes the size of the main web page very light as no CSS codes are required to be written on that web page. All the code will be contained in a separate CSS file which will be linked to that web page.

  <body>   <!---External  CSS-->
<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="location.css">
    <p>This will be Green text</p> 


It is the best and crucial part of web designing. It allows the developer to make the web page look much better than it could be made just by using merely HTML. It is the styling language that is capable of working with the structure of the web page and can add various features to the tags to make things look good. It has always been the best among several technologies and will sustain its position for longer.

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