How to Generate Dynamic QR Codes Using PHP

Generate Dynamic QR Codes Using PHP. In today’s digital age, quick and efficient communication is important. Increasing the favor of smartphones, QR (Quick Response) codes have become a great tool for sharing information. Standard QR codes contain static data, such as a website URL or contact details. However, dynamic QR codes offer a more flexible solution. In this article, we will explore the concept of dynamic QR codes and learn how to generate them using PHP.

Generate Dynamic QR Codes Using PHP

What is a QR Code?

What is QR Codes

Before diving into dynamic QR codes, let’s briefly understand what QR codes are. A QR code is a two-dimensional barcode that can store various types of data, including text, URLs, phone numbers, and more. Unlike standard barcodes, QR codes can be scanned using smartphones or dedicated QR code readers, allowing fast access to information.

Benefits of Dynamic QR Codes

  • Static QR codes, once generated, cannot be edited or updated. On the other hand, dynamic QR codes offer several advantages:
  • Flexibility: Dynamic QR codes allow you to update the stored data without changing the physical code itself. This flexibility is useful for applications that require real-time updates or changes.
  • Tracking: It provides insights into scan statistics, user engagement, and other useful metrics. This data can be leveraged for marketing purposes, optimizing campaigns, and understanding user behavior.
  • Versatility: QR codes support a wide range of data types, including URLs, vCards, calendar events, and more. It makes them suitable for different applications, from marketing campaigns to stock management.

Features and Functionality

Dynamic QR codes offer multiple key features and functionalities:

  1. URL Redirection: The QR code’s data redirects the user to a specific web page or content.
  2. Customization: Dynamic QR codes can be customized with colors, logos, and branding elements to maintain consistency with your brand identity.
  3. Analytics: By leveraging analytics tools, you can track the number of scans, location data, device types, and other relevant metrics.
  4. Dynamic Data: The QR code’s content can be dynamically generated based on user input or specific parameters, providing a personalized experience.

Setting Up the Environment

Before diving into the code, ensure that you have a PHP development environment set up. You can install XAMPP, WAMP, or any other PHP server package based on your preference.

Installing Required Libraries

To generate QR codes in PHP, we will use the endroid/qr-code library. Install it by running the following command:

composer require endroid/qr-code

Creating the QR Code Generator Function

require_once 'vendor/autoload.php';

use Endroid\QrCode\QrCode;

function generateQRCode($data, $filename, $size = 400)
    $qrCode = new QrCode($data);

    header('Content-Type: '.$qrCode->getContentType());

Adding Customization Options

To customize the appearance of your QR codes, you can modify the generateQRCode function as follows:

// ...
function generateQRCode($data, $filename, $size = 400, $backgroundColor = null, $foregroundColor = null)
    $qrCode = new QrCode($data);
    if ($backgroundColor !== null) {
    if ($foregroundColor !== null) {
    } }
// ...

Testing and Implementing Dynamic QR Codes

Now that we have our QR code generator function ready, we can start generating QR codes with PHP. Here’s an example of how you can generate a QR code with dynamic data:

require_once 'generator.php';

$data = ''; // Dynamic URL or data
$filename = 'dynamic_qr_code.png';

generateQRCode($data, $filename);

Displaying QR Codes on Web Pages

To display the generated QR code on a web page, you can simply include the generated image using a tag. For example:

<img src="dynamic_qr_code.png" alt="Dynamic QR Code">

Use Cases and Applications

Dynamic QR codes have multiple applications across various industries. Here are a few examples:

Marketing and Advertising

QR codes are widely used in marketing campaigns to engage customers and drive traffic. QR code’s destination URL or content, marketers can deliver personalized experiences and track campaign significance.

Inventory and Asset Tracking

It can be used for inventory management, enabling businesses to track assets, monitor stock levels, and streamline workflows. Dynamic QR codes allow for real-time updates, ensuring accurate and up-to-date information.

Event Management

Event organizers can leverage dynamic QR codes for ticketing, registration, and access control.

Best Practices for Dynamic QR Codes

When working with dynamic QR codes, consider the following best practices:

URL Shortening and Tracking

To optimize QR code readability and save space, it is recommended to use URL shortening services. Additionally, track the number of scans and analyze user engagement to measure the effectiveness of your QR code campaigns.

Error Correction and Data Redundancy

To ensure reliable scanning, choose an appropriate error correction level when generating QR codes. Also, consider adding redundant data to mitigate scanning issues caused by damaged or partially obstructed codes.

Customization and Branding

Customize your QR codes by integrating branding elements such as colors, logos, and graphics. This helps maintain consistency with your brand identity and increases recognition.


In conclusion, dynamic QR codes provide a universal and efficient solution for sharing information in today’s digital world. By using PHP and libraries like endroid/qr-code, generating dynamic QR codes becomes straightforward and customizable. Whether it’s for marketing campaigns, inventory management, or event registration, dynamic QR codes offer flexibility, tracking capabilities, and improved user experiences.

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